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Home Information Districts > Ernakulam
 The commercial capital of Kerala and the most cosmopolitan. Located strategically on the east-west route, it is also Kerala's major port. Centuries ago, traders and sea farers from the Middle east, Persia, China, Portugal and Holland visited Kochi to trade in spices, rubber, coir and seafood. Most of the city's commercial centres and shops are located in the mainland, the town called Ernakulam, which also lends it's name to the district. Tiny islands can be found in the backwaters that extend east and south of the harbour. Among these are Vypeen, Ramanathuruth, Vallarpadam, Bolghatty and Gundu.Cochin is the first district in India to obtain one hundred percent literacy. St.Francis church
Fort Kochi is the site of the St.Francis Church, built in 1510 by five Portugese priests who arrived with Albuquerque. Said to be the oldest European Church in India, it was the original burial site of Vasco-Da-Gama.The Clock on this Church was erected in the year 1923 in memory of HAL HARRISON JONES, a former managing director of Aspinwal. A few memorial brass plates and marble slabs were erected in the memories of very important persons who had contributed their own lives to this Church and the Society. The present furniture were installed when it was under the Anglican order of worship. Now the Church is owned by the Church of South India (CSI).
"Sree Rajeswari Temple the unique character of this renowned temple is that the Goddess is worshipped as saraswati in the morning, Bhadrakali at noon and Dugra in the evening. This temple having the reputation as a place of redemption from evil spirits, has a temple pond known as Rakthakulam, a dip in which is believed to remove the evil spirits from possessed individuals.
Ernakulam Facts


Area: 87.341 sq.kms.

Comprising of mainland Ernakulam, Old Cochin, including Mattancherry, Fort Kochi, Palluruthy, and Thoppumpady, Willingdon Island, the suburbs of Edappally and the exurbia of Kalamassery,Thrikkakara and Kakkanad to the northeast, and Tripunithura to the southeast.

Population: 16.6 lakhs, Greater Cochin (1991 census)
Location: Latitude, 9 degree 15 E, The city lies between 'Itripunithura, the seat of the eastwhile royalty to its southeast and the Eloor-Kalamassery industrial belt to its north. To the west lies is the Arabian sea.
Language: Malayalam, the youngest in the Dravidian family. It is the official language of the State of Kerala.English is widely used in business circles.
Religion: Hindus account for the largest comrnunity followed by Christians and Muslims. Cochin has also a small population of Jains, Jews, and Sikhs.
Altitude: Sea level.
Climate: The warm tropical climate recommends light cotton clothes, waterproofing is essential during monsoons.
Water: Drink only bottled mineral water. Drink boiled water, particularly during the monsoons.
Electricity: 220 volts. You'll require plug adapters.
Radio: Cochin FM 102.3 MHz. (Timings: 1658 hrs to 300 hrs (all days)
Banking Hours: (Week days) 10 am -2 pm; (Sat) 10 am- 12 noon.
Some banks have evening counters.
Banks remain closed on Sundays (with a few exceptions), and specified bank holidays .
Certain banks also provide 24- hour ATM service.




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