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Home Information Districts > Kottayam
 Kottayam is the land of letters,latex,lakes.This historical town derives it's name from the malayalam word "kottayakam" - meaning "Within the fort". 12 km west of Kottayam, on the banks of the Vembanad Lake, lies a small village - Kumarakom, a captivating bird sanctuary known for it's local varieties like the water fowl,cuckoo and migratory birds like the Siberian Stork. Kottayam is also an important commercial centre thanks to it's plantations of rubber, tea, coffee and pepper. The district Area is about 2203 sqkm. History says that the present district of Kottayam was previously a part of erstwhile princely state of Travancore. Earlier, the Travancore state consisted of two revenue divisions viz., the Southern and the Northern division, under the administrative control of Divan Peshkar for each. Later, in 1868, two more divisions, Quilon and Kottayam, were constituted. The fifth division - Devikulam, came next but for a short period, which in course of time, was added to Kottayam.  Kottayam rubber estate Kottayam is proof of the cultural and religious plurality of Kerala. It serves as the headquarters of several ecclestiastical heads of christian churches like those of the Syrian Christian Community. It houses several ancient churces like Puthenpally, Valiapally-(1550 A.D), Cheriapally(1579 A.D) and St.Mary's Church, Manarcad (1585). Bharananganam is another important christian pilgrimage centre. It houses the mortal remains of Sister Alphonsa (1916-1946). Situated in the heart of Kottayam town is the picturesque Thirunakkara Mahadeva Siva Temple.Ettumanoor,13 km away is famous for it's legendary 16th century Shiva Temple.Agriculture forms the livelihood of the majority in the district. It is also the main factor influencing the economy. Food crops as well as cash crops are cultivated here. Rubber is the major cash crop. It is grown in 1.07 lakh hectares; the largest area under Rubber cultivation in the state and its production is going up gradually. It was the first town in Kerala to achieve total literacy in India.
Kottayam Facts


District Area
Population 18,28,271 (1996 census)
Altitude 935 to 2817 m above Sea level
Annual Mean Rainfall 346 cms

It is advisable to wear cloths made of natural fibres as synthetic fibres do not quite agree with climates of Kottayam 

Tourist Season

September to March

Temperature [ in Degrees Celsius ]

Summer Mean Max.   35 Mean Min.   22.5
Winter Mean Max.   32 Mean Min    22

The principal language of Kerala is Malayalam. Besides Malayalam, English is also spoken and understood by the majority of the population. Hindi and Tamil are also spoken and understood.

Religion Hindus, Christians, Muslims
Calendar Western,  Malayalam & Arabic

Indian Standard time (IST) is 5.5 hrs ahead to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and 4.5 hrs ahead of Central European time

Food South Indian, North Indian, Tandoori, Chinese and Continental cuisine

There is no prohibition in Kerala, different brands of liquor are available. Toddy produced from fermented coconut sap is the popular local drink

Credit cards

Visa cards, Can Card, Andhra card, Bob Card, Central Card, American Express, Master Card, Diners Club etc.


The International / Domestic Airports are situated  at Nedumbassery near Ernakulam 80 km away from the city.

Road Transport Bus services starts from K.S.R.T.C   Bus stand Kottayam
Rail Transport

Trains to various places are accessible from Kottayam Railway Station

Traveling within Kottayam

There are 3 options you can either hire a car preferably from a government-approved agency or take a taxi or if you prefer a cheaper mode of transport hire an auto rickshaw.

Shopping hours 9.30am 8 p.m
Restaurant & bars 8 a.m to 11 p.m



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